Women are given a fixed number of eggs whilst inside their mother’s womb (peaks at around 20 weeks of gestational age). Over time, eggs are used or lost. Menopause, or “last period” occurs when the ovaries finally run out of eggs. Around this time, symptoms such as hot flushes, sweats, mood swings, aches and pains and a peculiar skin sensation called “formication” (“ants crawling” over the skin) are common. The perimenopause is the time when women transit from regular menstrual cycles to the cessation of periods.

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